Index > Legal & Intergovernmental: Reports
Congressional Testimony on ReadyCommunities Partnership initiatives and Crisis Response Officer
This report, released by the National Academies looks into stresses the transportation infrastructure will face with more severe weather. It focuses on five main areas and says that federal, state and local governments must cooperate with private and public stakeholders to develop adequate emergency response plans.
This report released by the State Department outlines the ways that security, climate and energy demands intersect and how the US can begin to face those challenges.
As the climate changes in many parts of the world, the Oxford Research Group has looked into the role of law enforcement and its relationship in responding to potentially dwindling resources, strains on one population migrating in neighboring communities and how to mitigate crises.
Neutral Tandem's white paper deals with the "bottlenecks" created in the nation's communications infrastructure using local exchange carriers (LEC). Neutral Tandem has said that its solution to introduce an independent tandem infrastructure "is essential to homeland security ... [and] is available to the public at no cost to taxpayers."
**NB** Some pictures in this report may appear dark because of compression. To download the original report (5.6 Mb) you can visit this link: http://www.iclei.org/documents/USA/download/0709climateGUIDEweb.pdf
This report released by the ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability - addressing the steps all sizes of communities can take to help incorporate changing climate patterns into their overall preparedness and response systems. Topics include possible pandemic, drought, severe storms and emergency response challenges and possible solutions.
Both reports listed here look at the level of national preparedness in the face of biological and medical emergencies. In both reports, there was positive gains in several regions around the country while much was found to still be done to provide better medical community preparedness.
The Bush administration released this update homeland security strategy which the White House says will provide a national framework for preparedness, response and security through all levels - federal, state and local.
The International Bottled Water Association released this federal, state and local emergency management directory to help companies working with water to be able to identify and contact those who would be able to help distribute supplies in the event of an emergency.
This Government Accountability Report, released in April 2007, found that between 2003 and 2005, $2.15 billion in federal money was given to states and local governments to help them upgrade existing communications equipment. However, in the report, researchers found no national guidelines in place which would help to focus state and local efforts on coordinating spending and upgrading practices to build a more cohesive interoperable network.
Apart from changes in global weather patterns, rising global temperatures will put a strain on natural resources which some have said will cause strains in security among nations and in the U.S. as well. This report looks into the possible security ramifications of a changing global climate.
The Center for American Progress released this report looking at the methodologies of the U.S. government to combat and address the threat of global terror networks and how well those threats were being mitigated. The results found that 84 percent of the top 100 homeland security analysts in the country found the policies to be failing.
The Department of Homeland Security developed the outreach program to provide training for state and local first responders and also to deliver those capabilities in a cost-effective and efficient way.
A Congressional Research Service report found that terrorist operations are relying more and more on crime as a way to fund their planned and future operations. Those findings, the report says, present Congress and law enforcement agencies with unique dangers.
A proposal to standardize drivers' licenses across the U.S. in order to promote more secure and reliable identification measures. Proponents of the act said having a federal protocol would help to increase the overall security of the country.
The National Association of EMS Physicians released this position paper to argue for strong state EMS medical directors. In the statement, the NAEMSP said the officials must "provides medical aspects of leadership, oversight, coordination, access to best practices, system quality management, and research to ensure the safest and highest-quality care for patients."
This RAND Corporation report can be used as a supplemental to the Gilmore Commission reports released in a series from 1998 to 2001. This is a survey of state and local preparedness in the face of terrorism. The report looks at the impacts of 9/11 on local and regional terrorism preparedness and the ways that towns and communities are working, or not working to prepare themselves against the threat.
The U.S. intelligence community have become "consumers" of information and must be able to share and disseminate open source intelligence according to this Congressional Research Service report. Also important, the ability to share information among various levels of government.
A memorandum released by the Office of Management and Budget outlining federal guidelines to help increase the level of federal cybersecurity.
Information-sharing among maritime federal agencies such as the Coast Guard are working to improve their effectiveness as well as the reduction of stove-piping-type practices which would restrict the flow of information from one agency to another thus hindering security and best practices improvements.
A guide into the workings, definitions and details of homeland security intelligence collection, dissemination and relative importance for governmental agencies, as well as between the various layers of federal, state and local governments.
After the earthquakes struck Hawaii in 2006, communications lines, as well as the power grid, succumbed to massive amounts of damage cutting government and responders' ability to communicate. Media officials had a hard time sending out messages as well while most of the islands' communities were without power for some time. This is a report looking into ways to mitigating earthquake damage and an assessment of the response.
This GAO report details the roles and authority of law enforcement officers working in the federal government and how they relate to the stability and safety of the general public's well being.
A report released by the Department of Homeland Security's Inspector General has found that information-sharing among the agencies inside the Homeland Security Information Network could be strengthened. That finding came after interviews with federal officials in the Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the Office of Operations Coordination among others.
The Cato Institute released this report on data mining to investigate the implications of U.S. intelligence agencies using the practice to reduce the threat of terrorism. The report found that though there are uses for data mining, "it is not suited to the terrorist discovery problem."
County emergency management is important in the larger response context. This report by the National Association of Counties looks into counties' abilities to handle disaster response operations and the current state of county response preparedness in the U.S..
As the challenge of national response evolves, so does the plan which coordinates the federal, state and local government agencies. Changes to the National Response Plan can be found here.
DHS released its state and local grants to help first responders, and law enforcement agencies prepare for terrorist attacks. The grants total $1.7 billion.
The Department of Homeland Security has partnered with universities in the U.S. to integrate homeland security officials, professionals, researchers, educators and students to promote collaboration and research and development programs.
This report released by the Department of Homeland Security's Inspector General found that relying on the Homeland Security Information Network would increase the ability of federal, state and local governments to share information effectively, however DHS has failed to complete information-sharing initiatives on time thus hindering efforts at wide dissemination of information.
The National Strategy for Homeland Security, released in July 2002, outlined the initial move by the federal government to establish a national network dedicated to protecting and preparing the U.S. against the threat of a terrorist attack or a large-scale natural disaster. The creation of the Department of Homeland Security amalgamated more than 22 pre-existing federal agencies under one aegis.
The National Response Plan was released in 2004. It outlines the process and fundamental guidelines for the communication and coordination of federal, state and local emergency management operations. In the words of DHS, the plan "establishes a comprehensive all-hazards approach to enhance the ability of the United States to manage domestic incidents."
To help coordinate national-level emergency disaster response and to improve the national emergency response mechanism, the Heritage Foundation recommended that the federal government should create "national standards [that] must be established for a national response system that will enable it to respond to everyday demands, establish regional and national communications, and operate when the infrastructure is degraded."
The Forgotten Homeland is a task force report released by the Century Foundation that focuses on homeland security efforts in place in the U.S. and the state of homeland preparedness. The report came to three main conclusions: that urban areas are the most at risk of a terrorist attack; that public/private partnerships will be the most effective homeland security initiatives; and that the federal government must work to improve their performance on responsibilities such as port security and border protection.
After the attacks on September 11, 2001 the Department of Defense released it's Homeland Security initiatives that would focus the government agency's role in protecting the U.S. against the threat of terrorism. In the Strategy for Homeland Defense and Civil Support, the DOD outlines how it would protect the country as well as respond to a major disaster.
This RAND Corporation report focuses on state and local health departments' public health preparedness plans and emergency management guidelines. The report also looks at the relationship between state and local health departments and whether those relationships help to build robust emergency response capabilities.
International Fire Chief Mutual Aid for integration with the National Incident Management System
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