Congressional Testimony on ReadyCommunities Partnership initiatives and Crisis Response Officer
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This report outlines the steps the Community Fund established to create an effective, case-based approach to disaster outreach. The Survivor's Fund was established immediately after the attacks on 9/11 by community leaders in the Washington DC area. The Fund closed earlier in March of 2008 after it had raised more than $25 million from local residents to help the families devastated by the attacks.
This report, compiled by the American Water Works Association with the Department of Homeland Security looks at the nation's water security in the face of rising domestic and natural threats.
This is a report released by George Mason Univ.'s Mercatus Center on Global Prosperity Initiative. It talks about the breakdown of reliance on a centralized federal response system used in cases like Katrina and how the private sector was much more resilient in helping to respond and recover. At the heart of this argument however is not that the private sector should take over disaster response, it's that because many private sector stakeholders have huge and effective supply chain and infrastructure in place, they can augment a public sector response.
This report, compiled by Ernst & Young along with Oxford Analytica looks into the risks facing the global insurance industry and the ways in which businesses can begin to build preparedness, response and resiliency best practices into their models and cultures.
This report, released by the National Academies looks into stresses the transportation infrastructure will face with more severe weather. It focuses on five main areas and says that federal, state and local governments must cooperate with private and public stakeholders to develop adequate emergency response plans.
This report released by the State Department outlines the ways that security, climate and energy demands intersect and how the US can begin to face those challenges.
This report, released by ESRI, discusses ways to push information to the user instead of the traditional method of pulling information. Having incoming information changes the dynamic of the recipient in relation to the data allowing for a greater situational awareness opportunity. During times of crisis, having greater situational awareness through geographically-based information can help emergency response operations immensely.
In 2006/2007, the World Health Organization released a report on incorporating midwifery and nursing into disaster situations in the developed and developing worlds. The report found that midwives and nurses play a trusted and integral role in emergency response within disaffected and depressed communities which typically have few resources.
The Predict and Prevent initiative was begun by Google to address the increasingly globalized economy, global climate change, and the challenges facing the international health community. Pandemic outbreaks in some of the world's poorest countries poses a unique challenge requiring quick response to identify, confirm, contain and mitigate outbreaks as they unfold.
As the climate changes in many parts of the world, the Oxford Research Group has looked into the role of law enforcement and its relationship in responding to potentially dwindling resources, strains on one population migrating in neighboring communities and how to mitigate crises.
Using stadiums for shelters during emergencies allows for a centralized and quick solution to helping victims of a disaster gain relatively quick access to a safe environment. However, if not properly handled, stadiums can become logistical nightmares.
This white paper, released by First Water Inc., outlines the ways counties can hope to plan and execute an effective program to provide potable water to counties in the U.S. who have been affected by a disaster.
Neutral Tandem's white paper deals with the "bottlenecks" created in the nation's communications infrastructure using local exchange carriers (LEC). Neutral Tandem has said that its solution to introduce an independent tandem infrastructure "is essential to homeland security ... [and] is available to the public at no cost to taxpayers."
According to this annual report, the NYDIS: "New York Disaster Interfaith Services (NYDIS) is a 501(c)(3) faith-based federation of service providers and charitable organizations who work in partnership to provide disaster readiness, response, and recovery services for New York City. Our mission is to coordinate, develop, and support these disaster services to mitigate the harm of, prepare for, and respond to all hazards – both natural and human-caused. NYDIS provides secular human services to faith communities and individuals alike, regardless of membership status or religious affiliation. In times of crisis, NYDIS convenes its leadership to network with government agencies and local, state, and national organizations involved in disaster management."
**NB** Some pictures in this report may appear dark because of compression. To download the original report (5.6 Mb) you can visit this link: http://www.iclei.org/documents/USA/download/0709climateGUIDEweb.pdf
This report released by the ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability - addressing the steps all sizes of communities can take to help incorporate changing climate patterns into their overall preparedness and response systems. Topics include possible pandemic, drought, severe storms and emergency response challenges and possible solutions.
This case study published by Manpower, outlines the cooperation between the public and private sectors which can connect existing resources to challenges faced during an initial recovery after a disaster. Manpower was able to provide the state of Florida's smaller communities with a workforce using residents from the affected communities which helped to establish a strong foundation for economic and job force recovery.
The best practices here showed just some of the ReadyCommunities best practices who came to participate at the National Congress in Washington D.C., December 17 and 18, 2007.
Both reports listed here look at the level of national preparedness in the face of biological and medical emergencies. In both reports, there was positive gains in several regions around the country while much was found to still be done to provide better medical community preparedness.
This article outlines the group working in Santa Rosa, California to help their community prepare for disasters in partnership with the local fire department and the Red Cross.
The technology provided by Syniverse has helped to establish a working platform for communications capabilities to broadcast wirelessly information about a stolen or lost child.
The Bush administration released this update homeland security strategy which the White House says will provide a national framework for preparedness, response and security through all levels - federal, state and local.
This report looks at the current state of first response during mass casualty events and how it relates to children.
This emergency preparedness guide was developed by the Louisiana State Animal Response Team to teach residents how to prepare disaster response plans for their families pets and farm animals.
The International Bottled Water Association released this federal, state and local emergency management directory to help companies working with water to be able to identify and contact those who would be able to help distribute supplies in the event of an emergency.
This Government Accountability Report, released in April 2007, found that between 2003 and 2005, $2.15 billion in federal money was given to states and local governments to help them upgrade existing communications equipment. However, in the report, researchers found no national guidelines in place which would help to focus state and local efforts on coordinating spending and upgrading practices to build a more cohesive interoperable network.
Apart from changes in global weather patterns, rising global temperatures will put a strain on natural resources which some have said will cause strains in security among nations and in the U.S. as well. This report looks into the possible security ramifications of a changing global climate.
The National Incident Management System was designed to provide a federal outline that would represent "a core set of doctrine, concepts, principles, terminology, and organizational processes to enable effective, efficient, and collaborative incident
management at all levels."
This report, released by the Chemical Safety Board found that a lack of corporate preparedness and foresight led to a faulty response which led to the death of one employee as well as 14 injured.
The Center for American Progress released this report looking at the methodologies of the U.S. government to combat and address the threat of global terror networks and how well those threats were being mitigated. The results found that 84 percent of the top 100 homeland security analysts in the country found the policies to be failing.
A business continuity disaster survey taken by AT&T and released in May found many businesses doing little to build preparedness plans and continuity of operations into their organizations.
A survey released by AT&T after the Hurricanes Katrina and Rita looked at the state of the business community's preparedness and its focus on continuity of operations.
Recently, Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff unveiled the department's supply chain preparedness and response measures to make sure that private sector assets are able to rebound after a disaster.
The National Cooperative Highway Research Program released a report detailing best practices for transportation-based industries to prepare for and respond to disasters and how to keep their continuity of operations in place.
The U.S. Fire Administration released this report detailing the current state of volunteer recruitment for their emergency response services in the U.S. The report found that citizens were still willing to contribute time and resources so long as a certain set of criteria were in place.
The TEAR program was formed to help passengers riding on the Central Florida transit system called LYNX with emergency preparedness and response.
The American Microchip Advisory Council for Animals announced a new disaster preparedness guide for animal caregivers that helps state and local governments meed federal requirements for pet and domestic animal evcaution and emergency preparedness.
This study, done in conjunction with cooperation from Penn State University, looked at the current state of the nation's railroad security measures and the ways in which any gaps could be "plugged".
The Department of Homeland Security developed the outreach program to provide training for state and local first responders and also to deliver those capabilities in a cost-effective and efficient way.
A Congressional Research Service report found that terrorist operations are relying more and more on crime as a way to fund their planned and future operations. Those findings, the report says, present Congress and law enforcement agencies with unique dangers.
Schools should receive emergency management funding from the federal government according to this GAO report. Reasons specified include a clearer delineation of targeted funding for state and local academic institutions to help provide proactive response and preparedness programs.
A proposal to standardize drivers' licenses across the U.S. in order to promote more secure and reliable identification measures. Proponents of the act said having a federal protocol would help to increase the overall security of the country.
This report, released by the Infrastructure Security Partnership in 2006 worked to identify and determine the critical criteria necessary to ensure that infrastructure was adequately prepared for disasters and that the outlying response community would be able to handle a disaster in that area.
This report compiled by the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center's Center for Biodiversity found that civic engagement was the most effective form of pandemic preparedness and mitigation.
Though more than $2 billion in federal funding was given to states between 2003 and 2005 to improve interoperable communications for first responders, there was no adequate program put into place which could monitor and coordinate state-run efforts into a cohesive whole, the report found.
The federal government and the media have partnered through the Emergency Alert System to help alert the public in times of emergency or a disaster. However, federal regulators have said being able to track performance of the various media outlets will be hard and difficult to qualify.
Bothell, Washington. To have every household have an emergency response plan.
Trust in corporations and the use of digital technologies such as the internet and laptop computers are changing the way consumers relate to businesses. Additionally, technology also provides would-be identity thieves and avenue for potentially more victims. With such a paradigm, the relationship between businesses and their clientele will change and those changes will ultimately affect the economic infrastructure as well as the overall security of consumers.
The National Association of EMS Physicians released this position paper to argue for strong state EMS medical directors. In the statement, the NAEMSP said the officials must "provides medical aspects of leadership, oversight, coordination, access to best practices, system quality management, and research to ensure the safest and highest-quality care for patients."
The Department of Homeland Security began a the US-VISIT program through the Transportation Security Administration in an effort to increase security at America's borders as well as streamline the processing of incoming citizens, tourists and legal aliens. Using new technology in passports with radio frequency ID chips, the Department hopes to secure biometric information.
This RAND Corporation report can be used as a supplemental to the Gilmore Commission reports released in a series from 1998 to 2001. This is a survey of state and local preparedness in the face of terrorism. The report looks at the impacts of 9/11 on local and regional terrorism preparedness and the ways that towns and communities are working, or not working to prepare themselves against the threat.
A report released by the Government Accountability Office which looks at the privatization of the airport security screening force and what goals have been met and what goals remain.
The U.S. intelligence community have become "consumers" of information and must be able to share and disseminate open source intelligence according to this Congressional Research Service report. Also important, the ability to share information among various levels of government.
The National Animal ID System is a voluntary project overseen by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It is voluntary and seeks to create a working and flexible database so that farmers can register their livestock to help government officials track the possible spread of infectious diseases. This is a progress report for 2004 - 2006.
A memorandum released by the Office of Management and Budget outlining federal guidelines to help increase the level of federal cybersecurity.
The City of Charleston, South Carolina released this emergency guide for citizens who are not physically able to help themselves or evacuate during an emergency.
To help businesses plan for pandemic response and preparedness, the U.S. Department of Occupational Health and Safety Administration released a series of guidelines designed to maintain such vital business operations as food supply distribution and electricity production.
Charleston County, South Carolina has developed a Hurricane Preparedness Guide for residents of the county and the city to help them identify ways to prepare for the large storms. The guide provides valuable information such as contact numbers for local emergency response operations, law enforcement and EMS as well as information on hurricanes and how to keep families safe.
Information-sharing among maritime federal agencies such as the Coast Guard are working to improve their effectiveness as well as the reduction of stove-piping-type practices which would restrict the flow of information from one agency to another thus hindering security and best practices improvements.
The Hospital Incident Command System was developed in 1992 in Orange County, California and tested by six hospitals as a generic disaster response plan for hospitals and their staffs. Since then it has evolved into a more complex emergency management system used all over the U.S.
A guide into the workings, definitions and details of homeland security intelligence collection, dissemination and relative importance for governmental agencies, as well as between the various layers of federal, state and local governments.
After the earthquakes struck Hawaii in 2006, communications lines, as well as the power grid, succumbed to massive amounts of damage cutting government and responders' ability to communicate. Media officials had a hard time sending out messages as well while most of the islands' communities were without power for some time. This is a report looking into ways to mitigating earthquake damage and an assessment of the response.
Similar to the World Economic Forum's report on the potential threats facing the world in 2007, the Oxford Research Group's report finds that by working to create sustainable economies and agricultural practices, many of terrorism's ingredients can be eliminated.
The Global Risks report released by the World Economic Forum for 2007 found that increased pressure on natural resources would aggravate existing tensions in much of the third world and that by having first world nations help compensate scarce resources, many of the foundations of terrorism can be mitigated.
The American College of Physicians released this paper to recommend ways to prepare the medical community for pandemic response. In the paper, the ACP supports local task forces and the use of volunteer physicians and health care providers in coordinated, federally-led response efforts on the local level.
An outline of how to credential first responders in the field so that identification during a response is quick and efficient. The credentialing would create a baseline of operations so that emergency management operators would know the who/what/when/where/how of the response.
This GAO report details the roles and authority of law enforcement officers working in the federal government and how they relate to the stability and safety of the general public's well being.
The U.S. Fire Administration released these best practices for avian flu pandemic response to help local and state responders understand the complexity and challenges facing communities in the event of an outbreak. Education of the communities is the best safeguard against potential break-downs in the community during a pandemic.
A report released by the Department of Homeland Security's Inspector General has found that information-sharing among the agencies inside the Homeland Security Information Network could be strengthened. That finding came after interviews with federal officials in the Office of Intelligence and Analysis and the Office of Operations Coordination among others.
The Cato Institute released this report on data mining to investigate the implications of U.S. intelligence agencies using the practice to reduce the threat of terrorism. The report found that though there are uses for data mining, "it is not suited to the terrorist discovery problem."
The National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) in Oklahoma City was founded with the mission to understand the root causes of terrorism and how to spread information to help reduce the threat of terrorism in the U.S. This is the 2006 terrorism threat and analysis report.
To implement the US-VISIT program, the Department of Homeland Security has created an automated ID management system to keep track of records of passengers coming into and leaving the U.S.
County emergency management is important in the larger response context. This report by the National Association of Counties looks into counties' abilities to handle disaster response operations and the current state of county response preparedness in the U.S..
The Citizens for Rail Security report focuses on training measures for rail workers to help them address hazmat situations. According to the report it is essential that rail workers be trained to handle hazmat situations - more than 1.8 million shipments of hazardous materials are carried across the U.S. each year.
As the challenge of national response evolves, so does the plan which coordinates the federal, state and local government agencies. Changes to the National Response Plan can be found here.
This study, compiled by a Fellow of the Canadian Defense & Foreign Affairs Institute, looks into the apparent relationship between the rise of homeland security spending in Western countries and the level of anxiety from the general public. As spending increases, so does the level of nervousness, the study found.
After Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast region, federal, state and local governments as well as community, private, relief organizations and academic institutions asked what are the implications of such a large disaster on the affected communities and the nation as a whole. This Brookings Institute paper handles some of those questions.
A GAO investigation testing the U.S.' border security found that small amounts of radioactive sources were able to be smuggled across the border. The amount of radioactive material was enough to make a "dirty bomb" that would spew toxic radiation over a community.
The Biodefense and Pandemic Vaccine and Drug Development Act of 2006, also known as BARDA, was introduced to help develop vaccines and medications for potentially dangerous diseases as well as biological pathogens and chemical substances that could be used in a terrorist attack.
After large earthquakes shook Hawaiian communities in October, 2006, the state's government released a report detailing best practices to increase state and local first responders' abilities to communicate and respond during a disaster when the information infrastructure has been damaged.
DHS released its state and local grants to help first responders, and law enforcement agencies prepare for terrorist attacks. The grants total $1.7 billion.
The Department of Homeland Security has partnered with universities in the U.S. to integrate homeland security officials, professionals, researchers, educators and students to promote collaboration and research and development programs.
The National Animal ID System's field report was completed in June 2006 and focused on the national, voluntary project of registering livestock for federal tracking so that if a disease were to break out, government officials would be able to locate the source quickly. The field reports also tested the ability to use RFID technology to effectively track and maintain databases of the animals.
This report released by the Department of Homeland Security's Inspector General found that relying on the Homeland Security Information Network would increase the ability of federal, state and local governments to share information effectively, however DHS has failed to complete information-sharing initiatives on time thus hindering efforts at wide dissemination of information.
During the summer of 2006, the Institutes of Medicine released a series of reports which looked at the nation's emergency rooms' abilities to handle surge capacity and the general state of health of those emergency rooms. The IOM recommended that in order to be prepared to handle large-scale disasters, hospitals must increase their ER capacity.
The Center for American Progress has found that less than fifteen states or cities in the U.S. "have the capability to administer stockpiled vaccines or other drugs on a large scale," and that "20 percent of Americans live in states where hospitals lack the medical equipment necessary when handling a severe health crisis."
The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials released their Strategic Highway Safety Plan to try an curb the amount of accidents occurring on the nation's roadways. The plan also works to develop and implement a national blueprint that would involve "all elements of the traffic safety community" and work to increase the level of communication and education of communities.
As global warming continues to raise temperatures, shifting weather patterns will create more natural disasters that will affect responders, private citizens and the business community. The British government released its report on preparedness plans for businesses facing possible financial loss due to global climate change.
Waste water treatment facilities are important parts of the general infrastructure which can be hurt if there is damage to a number of other infrastructure elements such as the power grid, and dams.
The USDA issued these guidelines to increase the level of security on U.S. farms as well as to help mitigate the threat against a bioterror attack.
The Council for Excellence in Government is a non-profit organization "that serves as an independent catalyst for constructive change in government." The council released a "report card" on American's individual and family emergency preparedness and found that a majority of Americans are not prepared to handle a disaster, nor do they have an emergency preparedness or response plan in place.
The National Strategy for Homeland Security, released in July 2002, outlined the initial move by the federal government to establish a national network dedicated to protecting and preparing the U.S. against the threat of a terrorist attack or a large-scale natural disaster. The creation of the Department of Homeland Security amalgamated more than 22 pre-existing federal agencies under one aegis.
The National Response Plan was released in 2004. It outlines the process and fundamental guidelines for the communication and coordination of federal, state and local emergency management operations. In the words of DHS, the plan "establishes a comprehensive all-hazards approach to enhance the ability of the United States to manage domestic incidents."
A national survey released by the U.S. Conference of Mayors found that more than 80 percent of localities and towns across the country did not receive sufficient federal funding to help increase the level of interoperability among their respective emergency management and responder agencies.
During Hurricanes Katrina, Rita and Wilma this year, refugees seeking shelter were moved into city stadiums usually used for large sporting events. However, during Hurricane Katrina, it was clear that the facilities were not nearly adequate to handle the influx of people. This report details ways to increase stadium preparedness and crisis mitigation.
To help coordinate national-level emergency disaster response and to improve the national emergency response mechanism, the Heritage Foundation recommended that the federal government should create "national standards [that] must be established for a national response system that will enable it to respond to everyday demands, establish regional and national communications, and operate when the infrastructure is degraded."
The National Governors Association released its flu pandemic preparedness report to help to give state and local governments resources and tools needed to formulate specific pandemic mitigation and preparedness plans as well as to begin to develop alternative methods of quarantining and spread control.
To help coordinate federal, state, local and tribal law enforcement operations, DHS and the Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative have created fusion center guidelines which help to establish baseline protocols that will allow agencies and government and law enforcement officials to disseminate, analyze and share information better and with greater alacrity and efficiency.
The International Association of Fire Chiefs in cooperation with the U.S. Fire Administration released a final report in 2006 that looked at hazardous materials response, incident planning and management as well as methods on training departments to handle better emergencies involving hazardous materials.
The Forgotten Homeland is a task force report released by the Century Foundation that focuses on homeland security efforts in place in the U.S. and the state of homeland preparedness. The report came to three main conclusions: that urban areas are the most at risk of a terrorist attack; that public/private partnerships will be the most effective homeland security initiatives; and that the federal government must work to improve their performance on responsibilities such as port security and border protection.
Trust for America's Health is a non-partisan, non-profit organization that works to assess the nation's ability to respond to medical disasters and disease prevention. The report released looked at the current state of bioterror preparedness in the U.S. five years after the attacks on 9/11.
A report which focuses on organizing and classifying the nation's critical assets which could be considered targets of a potential terrorist attack. Officials at the Department of Homeland Security have worked to create a "more effective, efficient economical" database management operation.
A best practices guide for state and local police chiefs, the International Association of Chiefs of Police's report has outlined many programs that small local police departments could implement that would help increase the community outreach, efficiency, and preparedness. The best practices guides were released with help from federal grant money issued by the Department of Justice.
The National Interoperability Baseline Survey was mandated by the Department of Homeland Security and addresses interoperable communications efforts being implemented across the U.S. The report also helps to provide a national picture of advances in improvements to public safety wireless communications.
The National Research and Development Plan lead by the Department of Homeland Security was released in April 2005 to help spearhead research that would provide security technologies and strategies for the nation's critical infrastructure. The plan "integrates cyber, physical, and human elements," as well as working to outline a national strategy for protecting and preparing critical infrastructure against natural and manmade threats.
The University of Minnesota's Food Protection and Defense Department released a report which researched the public's reaction to the threat of terrorism as well as the initial response to a terrorist threat. The report found there to be six different ways people tend to respond ranging from completely paralyzed with fear, to utterly not caring.
After the attacks on September 11, 2001 the Department of Defense released it's Homeland Security initiatives that would focus the government agency's role in protecting the U.S. against the threat of terrorism. In the Strategy for Homeland Defense and Civil Support, the DOD outlines how it would protect the country as well as respond to a major disaster.
A report to the Los Angeles Mayor's office on creating wireless internet networks in the city found that public/private partnerships working to connect the city would also provide opportunity's for the city's first responders, police departments and other public works department to interact, cooperate and develop effective communications and information-sharing networks. Their initial recommendation was the "adoption of public/private partnerships designed to deploy fast and easy communications services in every neighborhood."
Second Harvest has partnered with FEMA to help provide food for those affected by disasters - man made and natural. This particular Memorandum of Understanding, the press release reads, "is [an] important public sector / private sector partnership that will ensure a swift response to disasters and ensure that emergency food, water and grocery products can be quickly moved to people in need."
The Salvation Army has been working with FEMA to provide emergency disaster assistance to communities and families affected by natural and man made events. The organization was given disaster relief status under the Robert T. Stafford Emergency and Disaster Assistance Act.
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